Habitat and Native Vegetation

The Glenelg Hopkins region is a diverse landscape ranging from ancient sandstone and granite mountains to expansive grassy plains, woodlands and forests, and a coastline of exposed cliffs and sandy beaches. This landscape has been divided into nine bioregions, which are defined as broad areas of land sharing similar ecological processes owing to their shared geological histories. These bioregions have been further shaped through human occupation in the region over at least the past 27,000 years, with many ecosystems having evolved a dependency on Aboriginal people’s land use to maintain diversity1.

Collectively, these areas provide habitat for a recorded 1,391 native plant species and 483 native animal species across the region (although some animal groups are substantially underrepresented in records e.g. invertebrates). Nationally significant bioregions captured within the Glenelg Hopkins region include 69% of the Greater Grampians and 53% of the Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP). The VVP, and areas of Bridgewater and the Glenelg Plain, make up two of Australia’s 15 biodiversity hotspots, and the only nationally recognised biodiversity hotspots in Victoria. Explore each of the Glenelg Hopkins bioregions in more detail below by clicking on the map.